Feed back experience shows that there is in Europe a need for Workshops which are neither a big congress nor a collection of working groups with lots of different meetings, but which over a few days provide a forum for a few dozen experts to exchange feedback experience and to identify problems that need further research or development. Therefore the Network has organised and will continue to organise such type of Workshop once a year.
The subject is selected in order to cover domains where the Network Steering Committee Group estimates that many improvements in terms of ALARA implementation may be found. All papers are invited presentations. To promote discussions, appropriate time is made available for work in small groups and the number attending the workshop is limited to a few dozens experts. The language of the Workshops is English.
At the end of each Workshop the chairpersons and the working groups propose to the participants some recommendations to the EC and national regulatory bodies and other stakeholders corresponding to the feedback from the sessions of the Workshop. These recommendations are validated by the Network Steering Committee Group and send to the Commission and to other appropriate stakeholders.
- "ALARA and Decommissioning", Saclay, France, December 1997
- "Good Radiation Practices in Industry and Research", Chilton, UK, November 1998
- "Managing Internal Exposure", Neuherberg, Germany, November 1999
- "Management of Occupational Radiological and Non-radiological Risks: Lessons to be Learned", Antwerp, Belgium, November 2000
- "Industrial Radiography: Improvements in Radiation Protection", Rome, Italy, October 2001
- "Occupational Exposure Optimisation in the Medical and the Radiopharmaceutical Sectors", Madrid, Spain, October 2002
- "Decommissiong of Installations and Site Remediation", Arnhem, The Netherlands, October 2003
- "Occupational Radiological Protection Control through Inspection and Self-assessment", Uppsala, Sweden, September 2004
- "Occupational Exposure to Natural Radiation", Augsburg, Germany, October 2005
- "Experience and new Developments in Implementing ALARA in Occupational, Patient and Public Exposures", Prague, Czech Republic, 12-15 September 2006
- "ALARA in Radioactive Waste Management", Athens, Greece, 9-11 April 2008
- "ALARA issues arising for Safety and Security of Radiation Sources and Security Screening Devices", Vienna, Austria, 21-23 October 2009
- "ALARA and the Medical Sector", Oscarborg Fortress, Norway, 7-10 June 2011
- "ALARA in existing exposure situations", Dublin Castle, Ireland, 4-6 September 2012
- "Improving ALARA Culture through Education and Training", Rovinj, Croatia, 7-9 May 2014
- "ALARA in Industrial Radiography", Bern, Switzerland, 14-16 March 2016
17th European ALARA Network workshop on "ALARA in emergency exposure situations"
17th European ALARA Network Workshop [organized in collaboration with NERIS], Lisbon, Portugal, 15 – 17 May 2017
"ALARA in Emergency Exposure Situations "
Aims and objectives
Emergency exposure situations can arise as a result of a nuclear accident, a malicious or terrorist act, or any other unexpected radiological event. It requires a quick response and sustainable countermeasures and remedial actions in order to avoid or reduce adverse short-term and long-term consequences. Radiation exposures can be received by the public, first responders, workers and volunteers engaged in the post-accident recovery.
The ICRP recommendations and European Basic Safety Standards – the bases for national regulations - re-emphasize the principle of optimisation (ALARA) as applying to emergency exposure situations. For the purpose of radiological protection, reference levels for emergency exposure situations should be set. More importantly, it is necessary to establish emergency plans based on an optimum protection strategy, resulting in more good than harm for the exposed people and the affected territories. In that perspective, lessons learnt from the Fukushima accident are of utmost importance.
The objectives of the workshop are:
- To show, in particular from the experience of Fukushima accident, the challenges posed by the optimisation of exposures in emergency and post-accident situations;
- To review the national arrangements for assessing, monitoring and mitigating the radiological consequences of an emergency, especially with regard to applying the ALARA principle to public and occupational exposures;
- To review the arrangements for managing emergency doses to workers
- To review the arrangements for providing ALARA-based training for the different types of stakeholders who would be engaged in the emergency response and long-term recovery actions.
The workshop will consist of presentations (oral and posters) intended to highlight the main issues, and a significant part of the program will be devoted to discussions within working groups. From these discussions, participants will be expected to produce recommendations on ALARA in emergency exposure situations, which are addressed to relevant local, national and international stakeholders.
Technical exhibits are very welcome!
As part of the programme, time has been devoted for discussions between participants (divided in 4 working groups). The working groups have tackled issues such as :
- Can the ALARA principle by fully apply in Emergency Exposure Situation for the members of the public?
- Can the ALARA principle be fully apply in Emergency Exposure Situation for the occupationnaly exposed individuals?
- Predict the unpredictable. How to ensure emergency plans are optimal from a radiation protection point of view? How to act if the situation goes beyond prediction?
- Are new technologies (modelisation, robot etc.) an asset or a gadget for ALARA?
Note that NERIS will organise its 3rd Workshop just after (17-19 May) at the same location.
Both workshops will be held at IST campus, located at Bobadela, 13 km north of Lisbon.
Direction: http://bit.ly/2ebrRtY - You can go to IST campus by :
> Train [Linha da Azambuja] to Bobadela station, located at 400 m from the campus
> Metro [red line] to Oriente station + Bus 319 or 320 to EN.10 Inst. Energia Nuclear (or Bus 317 to Bobadela station)
A list of selected hotels in the Parque das Noaçoes area is available on the registration website.
Registration fee is 250€/participant (or 200€ if your organization is member of EAN or NERIS). The fees are identical for NERIS workshop.
16th EAN Workshop on "ALARA in Industrial Radiography"
16th European ALARA Network Workshop, Berne, Switzerland, 14 – 16 March 2016
"ALARA in Industrial Radiography - How can it be improved?"
Aims and objectives
Industrial radiography (for non-destructive testing (NDT)) using gamma and X-ray sources is a long-established and widespread practice. A key radiation protection principle is optimisation, to ensure that the radiation exposure of radiography workers and other persons is As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). In 2001, in Rome, the 5th EAN Workshop specifically considered ALARA in industrial radiography. It was concluded that ALARA was not always being achieved, and improvements in radiography equipment, working procedures, training and safety culture were recommended. Since then, industrial radiography has remained an area of concern in radiation protection, due to the levels of radiation exposure received and, in particular, the number and magnitude of accidental exposures. Consequently, EAN has decided to re-visit this topic.
The objectives of the workshop are:
- To review the conclusions and recommendations of the 5th EAN workshop, held in Rome in 2001, and determine whether any real improvements have been made (see link in the right column).
- To ask what else might be done to improve radiation safety in industrial radiography and ensure that exposures are ALARA.
The workshop consisted of presentations (oral and posters) intended to highlight the main issues, and a significant part of the program was devoted to discussions within working groups. From these discussions, participants are expected to produce recommendations on ALARA in industrial radiography, which are addressed to relevant local, national and international stakeholders.
As part of the programme, time has been devoted for discussions between participants (divided in four working groups). The working groups have tackled issues such as :
- Radiography equipment: can we make it safer (WG1)?
- Learning from radiography accidents: how do we stop them from happening again (WG2)?
- Training and Safety Culture: how can these be improved (WG3)?
- The ALARA process in radiography: setting suitable dose and risk constraints (WG4).
Session 1 - Setting the scene
- EAN and ALARA in Industrial Radiography (684 kB) — F. Vermeersch, EAN
- The Role of EFNDT in Industrial Radiography (1078 kB) — M. Purschke, EFNDT
- Application of the Commission Recommendations: Development of User Focused Reports (531 kB) — K. Cho, ICRP
- Industrial Radiography and the ISEMIR Project (750 kB) — R. Van Sonsbeek, Applus RTD
- The Regulatory Inspector's Perspective (684 kB) — H. Synnott, EPA Ireland
- Industrial Radiographic Testing in Public Places in Switzerland (2653 kB) — D. Grütter, SVS
- The Client's perspective: Radiation Protection on EDF NPP sites (472 kB) — E. Carreau, EDF
Session 2 - Industrial Radiography Equipment
- Gamma-Radiography: State of the Art or Unjustified Activity? (2231 kB) — C. Kaps, EFNDT
- Reducing the Size of Radiography Controlled Areas (500 kB) — C. Bergeron, IS Groupe
- Dose Reduction by Digital X-Rays Detectors (2080 kB) — B. Redmer, BAM
- Industrial Radiography Equipment Maintenance (784 kB) — T. Frühwirth, B. Wellens, NES
- Gamma Radiography Sources and Equipment - Design Improvements and Industry Adoption (415.5 kB) (narrative, pdf 75 kB) — M. Fuller, ISSPA
- Ibero-American Forum of Radiological and Nuclear Regulatory Agencies (FORO) (1915 kB) — W. A. Truppa, Argentinian NRA
Session 3 - Learning from Industrial Radiography Incidents
- Annual Reports of Incidents/Accidents in Radiography in France (1530 kB) — B-M Ayadi, A. Cordelle, IRSN
- Radiography Incidens in Germany (716 kB) — M. Sonntag, SGD
- Radiography Incidents in Norway (957 kB) — S. Øvergaard, NRPA
- Gamma Radiography Source Recovery Equipment (1940 kB) — S. Buechi, SUVA
- Radiography Incident in Belgium - Recovery of a Co-60 Source in a Foundry (2983 kB) — R. Berden, FANC
- Radiography Incident in France (Feursmetal) (650 kB) — A. Dubouchet, IRSN
Session 4 - Education and Training and ALARA Culture
- OTHEA Lessons-Learned from Industrial Radiography Incidents (326 kB) — P. Shaw, PHE
- RP Training for Radiographers in Germany (384 kB) — A. Steege, DGZfP
- Web-based Inspections in Industrial Radiography (491 MB) — B. H. Knutsen, NRPA
- ENETRAP: European Guidance on RPE and RPO - Implications for Industrial Radiography? (168 kB) — A. Schmitt-Hannig, BfS
- The Management of Industrial Radiography Incidents (742 kB) — E. Carreau, EDF
Session 5 - Conclusions and Recommendations
- Report from Working Group 1 - Radiography Equipment (85 kB)
- Report from Working Group 2 - Radiography Equipment (50 kB)
- Report from Working Group 3 - Learning from Incidents (25 kB)
- Report from Working Group 4 - Learning from Incidents (85 kB)
- Report from Working Group 5 - Training and Safety Culture (54 kB)
- Report from Working Group 6 - The ALARA Process in Industrial Radiography (70 kB)
- Final Conclusions and Recommendations (385 kB) — P. Shaw, PHE
- Case Study of an Accidental Exposure to X-Rays in Industrial Radiography (8,5 Mo) — P. Fias, P. Froment, K. Persyn, AV Controlatom
- Radiation Protection for Industrial Radiography at CERN (4,8 Mo) — C. Adorisio, N. Conan, V. Tromel, HSE-RP CERN
- 15th EAN Workshop on "Improving ALARA Culture through Education and Training"
- 14th EAN Workshop on "ALARA in existing exposure situations"
- 13th EAN Workshop on "ALARA and the Medical Sector"
- 12th EAN Workshop
- 11th Workshop on "ALARA in Radioactive Waste Management"
- 10th Workshop on "Experience and new Developments in implementing ALARA"
- 9th Workshop on "Occupational Exposure to Natural Radiation"
- 8th Workshop on "Occupational RP Control through Inspection and Self-assessment"
- 7th Workshop on "Decommissioning of Installations and Site Remediation"
- 6th Workshop on "Occupational Exposure Optimisation in the Medical and Radiopharmaceutical Sectors"
- 5th Workshop on "Industrial Radiography: Improvements in Radiation Protection"
- 4th Workshop on "Managing of Occupational Radiological and Non-Radiological Risks"
- 3rd Workshop on "Managing Internal Exposures"
- 2nd Workshop on "Good Radiation Practices in Industry and Research"
- 1st Workshop on "ALARA and Decommissioning"